Why Internet traffic will triple in 4 years
Global internet traffic expected to triple by 2019, according to tenth Visual Networking Index published by Cisco. At 2 zettabytes, it will then be more important in a year than since the creation of the Internet, anticipates the study. Cellular and Wi-Fi connections will account for 67% of traffic, and “It will therefore be essential for all operators to adopt differentiating and monetizable mobile strategies“.
If the increase in the number of Internet users – which should represent 51% of the world population, against 39% today – comes into play, the report also highlights the proliferation of terminals. While there are currently 2 devices on average per capita, this figure should rise to 3.2 within four years.
Healthcare will experience the strongest growth in M2M connections
The Internet of Things will have the consequence of exploding the number of M2M connections (machine-to-machine), the IoT of interest to many sectors, such as agriculture (read our article: [Agriculture] Big data is in the meadow, editor’s note), distribution or even the house. This is for example the case of Samsung, which invested in the French start-up Sigfox in June. The company will allow the South Korean brand devices (household appliances, television, etc.) to communicate or be controlled remotely.
But it is the healthcare sector that is expected to register the strongest growth, with an 8.6-fold increase in the number of connections (read: E-health: how far will Big Data go to heal us?, editor’s note). Ultimately, M2M connections are expected to triple in the next five years.
Another element, the rise of online video, which should be confirmed in the coming years. While YouTube already occupies a prominent place, Facebook is also skyrocketing in this area. And the success of video-on-demand services like Netflix is expected to only bolster that growth. All together, video will represent 80% of global traffic in 2019, compared to 67% today. “This phenomenon could translate into an even more significant growth in the virtualization of networks and the exploitation of the Internet for the transmission of videos.Cisco explains.
Telecom operators will have to adapt
Other sectors, such as games (downloading, data storage, etc.), online music (which will affect 500 million additional users in the coming years) or videoconferencing (more than 140 million additional users) will also impact traffic growth.
Not without consequence: “operators will have to adapt their networks to support the influx of sophisticated devices (tablets, smartphones, connected Ultra-HD televisions, M2M connections and portable smart devices», Specifies the study. Also, authentication systems will be required to ensure network security.