Why artificial intelligence does not sign the end of humanity

by bold-lichterman

With all due respect to the writers of sci-fi films, there is to date no evidence that robots and other technologies described as “intelligent” pose any threat to humanity, according to the results of the study “Artificial Intelligence and Life in 2030», Produced by Stanford. On the contrary, the authors of the study found that artificial intelligence (AI) has so far made it possible to improve the performance of certain applications, in terms of transport, health, or even communication.

Although it is accompanied by the disappearance of certain professions, and it raises questions in terms of security and respect for privacy, artificial intelligence would above all be a formidable vector of social and economic progress … under reserve to be considered as such, underlines the study.

Announced as a study that will take place over 100 years, the prestigious American university’s project is to publish, every 5 years, an inventory of the artificial intelligence sector, in order to measure its gradual adoption in major American cities. The first part of the study, presented in September, covers a period starting in the early 2000s, and makes development assumptions until 2030.

Transport, robotics and health: precursors in AI

In their inventory, the authors of the study focused on 8 major areas, already impacted by artificial intelligence, and presenting different stages of technology adoption.

  • In the sector of transport, manufacturers are already working on technologies to make vehicles partially or totally autonomous. By 2030, the authors of the study estimate that artificial intelligence modules will affect autonomous cars as well as trucks, flying vehicles, and even drones moving by themselves. If 100% autonomous vehicles are not for now, the authors believe that machine learning will allow the development of algorithms that are increasingly closer to human behavior.

  • In terms of robotic, the household appliances currently sold already incorporate artificial intelligence components, such as automatic vacuum cleaners for example. Progress in electronic chips, 3D sensors, or even technologies for decrypting speech should make it possible to take a step forward in this area, and to offer new devices by 2025. The study however points to the development costs of these new, more autonomous robots, which may constitute a barrier to purchasing.

  • In the field of health, the main innovations concern the collection of data, made possible by mobile applications and other connected objects, as well as the generalization of computerized personal medical records (DMP). The subject being particularly sensitive, the major stake lies in the ability to reassure patients, worried about the use which is made of their data.

  • Artificial intelligence, by making it possible to personalize content on a large scale, is also affecting theeducation. Learning can thus be partially automated, while adapting to the level of a particular student. The authors of the study estimate that within 15 years, teachers will systematically rely on new technologies to teach but also to help students with their homework.

  • The communities in need (homeless people for example), could also see their daily lives improve significantly thanks to artificial intelligence, which makes it possible in particular to optimize the distribution of essential goods.

  • By 2030, the study estimates that surveillance drones and other improved cameras, as well as powerful algorithms to detect fraud, will be part of our daily lives. Artificial intelligence applied to public security could ultimately mean more transparency in the way personal data is used by governments, say the authors, optimistic.

  • By making certain rather routine tasks obsolete, artificial intelligence will also have a strong impact on theemployment. Here again, major obstacles are emerging, with individuals afraid of having their missions entrusted to robots. According to the report, artificial intelligence will also help create new jobs in sectors that are still emerging today. The future consequences on employment should therefore be similar to what we experienced during the Industrial Revolution.

  • Finally, the entertainment is also affected by the wave of artificial intelligence through new platforms for sharing information, making videos, and images.

** Methodology: the study was carried out by a panel of 17 experts, appointed by the research director, and with different profiles (academics, researchers, industry) and specialized in various fields such as legal, political science, or the economy.

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