France drops seven places in the Open Data Index 2015
It is a fall of 7 places that France records in the Open Data Index 2015, published by the Open Knowledge International Foundation. This ranking, which assesses the degree of openness of data in many countries, is based, for example, on the availability of data relating to the budget, public expenditure or even the business register.
A more rigorous classification
France, which occupied third place last year, is therefore relegated to 10th place, ex-aequo with Norway, in this new edition. “This fall reflects above all an inability of our country to open several fundamental data sets. The cadastre, geographic data or those on companies thus remain only accessible against a large fee, ”regrets the foundation in its press release.
Another example, while the COP21 which is currently being held at Le Bourget will end in a few days, the OKF regrets that no update of the data on national emissions has been made since 2009. So, how to explain that France was in third place last year?
The OKF explains that it has strengthened its methodology and demonstrated greater rigor for this new edition. “The good ranking of France in 2014 has often been received as a satisfaction, even though our association, like other players, has continued to demand greater openness of essential data,” explains OKF France.
Open data by default?
The draft Digital Law, for which a public consultation was organized, provides in Article 1 for open data by default, that is to say the “obligation to disseminate online the main documents and data of public bodies “. A measure that would allow any individual to request access to this data, without it being published. Such a device would however only concern the State, and not the local communities.
Beyond France, the Open Data Index 2015 places Taiwan in first place with a score of 78%, just ahead of the United Kingdom, which occupied first place last year, followed by Denmark. Finland comes in 5th position and the Netherlands occupies 8th place with the United States. For most countries, the foundation explains that the least available data are those relating to public expenditure.