Bill Gates wants to tax robots to develop human skills
Workers, drivers, cashiers are the first professions affected by the emergence of artificial intelligence, and with it, robots. A replacement of skills, which according to Bill Gates, must be compensated by a taxation equivalent to that of a human employee, said the co-founder of Microsoft in an interview with the site Quartz. “Currently, the human worker generates about $ 50,000 in value; income that is taxed … If a robot arrives and performs the same task, it would be normal to think that it should be taxed at the same levelSays Bill Gates.
But contrary to the idea promoted in France by the candidate Benoît Hamon which would consist in financing a universal income with the fruits of this tax, Bill Gates does not mention the destruction of jobs outright. At the American site, he pleads more for development with this tax on trades that require a “unique understanding, very unique», Describes the billionaire, citing the role of humans at school, or with the elderly. “We still face a serious shortage to help», He adds.
For several months, Microsoft has been trying to catch up in terms of robots and personal assistants, facing competition from Google, Amazon or Facebook. He tries to speed up with his assistant Cortana. Last November, he also undertook a major reorganization to focus on AI.
In 2016, Amazon employed 45,000 robots in its storage warehouses, according to US media. In its new grocery store, currently being tested in Seattle, Amazon would only have three employees.
For now, 51% of the tasks required for all jobs could be automated, according to a report from McKinsey. From 0.8% of productivity points in 2015, the rate will reach 1.4% in 2016 according to the firm which assessed, in July 2016, the pace of automation according to the activities, rather than according to the position occupied. .
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