7 candidates for Primary from the right, what proposals for employment in the digital?
As the first round of the primary from the right and the center approaches on November 20, Frenchweb looked at the measures of the seven candidates in terms of digital employment. A sector which is faced with the shortage of talent in technical positions, while INSEE has just raised the unemployment rate to 9.7% of the working population in mainland France (10.0% whole of France).
Despite a few positions taken, presidential contenders are generally proposing very similar measures.
Jean-François Copé wants to remove the 35 hours to leave the choice to companies to decide on the legal working time. He also proposes to lower corporate tax by 5 billion euros and to end the tax credit for competitiveness and employment (CICE).
Among its measures for employment, is the creation of a SIRET number for everyone, from the age of 16. This proposal aims to simplify the procedures to be self-employed. Jean-François Copé also wants to create a “work pass”, running on a computer or smartphone to facilitate the management of hours worked. In addition, he has set himself the objective of covering the entire territory with very high speed by the end of his five-year term if he is elected.
Like the other candidates, he wants to make the terms of dismissal more flexible, particularly economic, by simplifying the contractual termination of the employment contract and by introducing a legal definition of compensable damage.
Read also: Jean-François Copé: “The politician, unlike the entrepreneur, is not judged on his results”
François Fillon wants to put an end to the 35 hours to allow employees and business leaders to negotiate together the weekly working time. This cannot exceed 48 hours in accordance with European law.
The ex-Prime Minister of Nicolas Sarkozy also wants to simplify economic layoffs by setting up an employment contract including predefined and progressive termination terms. In this context, François Fillon intends to include the reorganization of the company as a reason for collective redundancies to help companies face their competitors.
In digital, François Fillon wants to develop open data in the public sector and train SME managers in digital cultures. For this last point, he wants to set up training modules (MOOCs and webinars) in the cloud to disseminate digital skills to VSEs and SMEs.
Read also: François Fillon: “There is an opportunity to choose freedom”
Like Jean-François Copé and François Fillon, Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet also wishes to return to the 35 hours. However, the candidate goes further since she wishes to abolish the legal working time. In addition, it wants to facilitate teleworking to offer more freedom in the organization of employees and reduce the carbon impact of each employee. The candidate also wants to facilitate access to digital technology, strengthen the protection of citizens’ data, and promote innovation.
If she is elected President of the Republic, NKM also plans to lower corporate taxes by 100 billion euros. Calling into question a “punitive taxation”, the candidate wants to reduce the tax on business transfers by 7 billion euros. As for corporate tax, she wants to reduce it to 25%, ie up to the European average.
NKM wants to sanctify the status of self-employed worker for all freelancers and workers in the Gig Economy. “Our social model is no longer suitable because it is based on wage employment», Affirmed the candidate during the Primary of the Economy.
Read also: Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet: “By killing the creators of start-ups, we are killing a whole generation”
The mayor of Bordeaux wants to set the legal working time at 39 hours. He also wants to simplify the rules governing the dismissal of employees on permanent contracts. As for corporate tax, he wants to bring its rate down to the European average, around 25%.
In his “digital notebook“Alain Juppé wants to set up a digital catch-up plan for SMEs. If he is elected at the head of France, he also sets himself the objective of placing France in the leading pack of European countries for the deployment of the use of very high speed by 2022.
Read also: Alain Juppé: “Let’s restore equality between Airbnb and traditional activities”
Like his former Prime Minister, Nicolas Sarkozy also wants to simplify economic layoffs due to “company reorganization”. Targeted by all the candidates of the Republicans, the end of the 35 hours is also in the program of the former head of state. Nicolas Sarkozy thus wishes to reduce working time to 37 hours per week.
Regarding business charges, the former president aligns himself with NKM by proposing to reduce them. To do this, he wants to lower employer contributions beyond the 35th hour to encourage companies to increase their working hours. He also wants to tackle corporate tax by reducing it from 33.33% to 30%. Moreover, on business transfers, Nicolas Sarkozy recommends an exemption of 85% to 100% if the activity is maintained for at least five years, while retaining the majority of jobs.
Read also: Nicolas Sarkozy: “French entrepreneurs go to London because it is easy to raise capital there”
Bruno the Mayor
Like most of his opponents, Bruno Le Maire wants to get out of the 35 hours. He believes that the legal working time should be set at company level. In the event of victory in 2017, he also wants to remove the minimum duration of 24 hours for part-time work. For very small businesses, Bruno Le Maire wants to set up an “e-contract”, inspired by the service employment check.
The candidate intends to launch an “Open Data” plan to promote the transparency of public data and facilitate their use by economic actors. He also wants to relax French and European rules on digital technology in order to favor companies in the sector. In his view, this means in particular a modernization of the personal data protection policy. In addition, it wants to guarantee access to optical fiber throughout France.
To offer an air bubble to entrepreneurs, the candidate intends to set up a single rate at 25% on the taxation of capital, accompanied at 6% by social security contributions which result from it. He also wants to diversify the sources of financing for companies, in particular by promoting crowdfunding. Bruno Le Maire also plans to lower the taxation of capital invested in companies, with an income tax reduction of 30% of the investment up to 50,000 euros. In addition, he wants to cap public aid at 33% of a seed fund.
Read also: Bruno Le Maire: “We must bring back the talents”
In a less developed program compared to his opponents, Jean-Frédéric Poisson wants to lower the costs of companies to bring them back to the level of European standards. He also wants to reform the labor code to favor branch agreements. In addition, it intends to favor French companies that are developing in metropolitan France and overseas.
FrenchWeb is mobilizing and organizing the sixth digital employment week (# SEN6) all week (portraits, interviews, job offers, round tables, etc.). The #SENFW operation, intended to promote employment opportunities in this sector, takes place every 6 months.