10 strategic technology trends for 2018
On the occasion of its ITxpo symposium in Orlando, Florida, the consulting firm Gartner unveiled the ten technological trends that will mark 2018, through their possible industrial impacts and their potential for disruption. The permanent evolution of technologies now makes it possible to consider the alignment between the physical world and the digital world. The technology will be embedded everywhere.
The Intelligent Digital Mesh (intelligent digital mesh), this is how Gartner designates the interweaving of interactions between individuals, their devices, and their content and services. And according to these 3 axes that Gartner classifies these ten technological trends.
1. Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence to improve decision-making and user experiences, create new ecosystems and develop new business models will occupy the majority of digital initiatives by 2025.
A recent Gartner survey found that 59% of organizations are still collecting information to build their AI strategies, while the rest have already made progress in piloting or adopting AI solutions.
For companies, Gartner advises thinking about Narrow AI (Narrow Artificial Intelligence) that targets specific tasks (understanding language, autonomous driving), as opposed to a global AI that the firm recommends leaving to science fiction researchers and writers.
2. Smart apps and analytics
Logically, in the near future, all the apps will integrate a layer of artificial intelligence. AI will enrich existing applications or generate new ones. “Challenge your technology suppliers to find out how they plan to integrate AI into their products and developments: process, analytics, user experience, etc.”
Smart apps can also disrupt work, especially through virtual assistants. “Smart apps are a way to increase human activity, not replace it.” Thus, “augmented analytics” is a particularly strategic sector because the machine learning will automate the preparation of data, a first level of analysis and the sharing of this information in the company.
3. Smart objects
Likewise, objects use AI and machine learning to better interact with people and environments. Gartner envisions that eventually, these objects will work together. The military field is at the forefront on this subject, in particular with the objective of making swarms of drones fly, in attack or in defense.
4. The digital twin
Gartner calls a digital twin a digital representation of a real entity or system (person, place, object, etc.), and connected to them and to objects in the physical world. With 21 billion sensors connected, we can expect billions of digital duplicates, which will help in the near future in areas such as repair and maintenance. In the more distant future, Gartner even plans a virtual world that will dynamically replicate the entire real world. With the contribution of artificial intelligence, this will open up new perspectives in terms of advanced simulations, operations and analyzes, which will benefit professions such as marketing, but also urban planning, health, industrial planning. …
5. Edge computing
TheEdge computing according to Gartner refers to the phenomenon of decentralization of information, which will be increasingly collected, processed and distributed near the source. The firm also emphasizes that the Cloud andEdge computing are not contradictory concepts but can complement each other.
6. Conversational platforms
Gartner predicts that chatbot-type platforms will prevail once they are able to manage complex interactions and adapt to the individual, and not the other way around – which is not yet the case today. , since users can get frustrated by communicating unnaturally with existing bots. The firm, for example, imagines use cases, such as the development of a composite portrait from the collection of testimonies, in criminal cases.
7. Immersive experiences
Augmented reality, virtual reality, mixed reality… So many technologies that will change the way we perceive and interact with the digital world. Gartner anticipates that, associated with conversational platforms, they will allow us to access particularly immersive and fluid experiences.